## Permutation in String

Given two strings s1 and s2, write a function to return true if s2 contains the permutation of s1. In other words, one of the first string’s permutations is the substring of the second string. Example 1: Input: s1 = "ab" s2 = "eidbaooo" Output: True Explanation: s2 contains one permutation of s1 ("ba"). Example 2: Input:s1= "ab" s2 = "eidboaoo" Output: False Constraints: The input strings only contain lower case letters.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 1-min read

## Sort Characters by Frequency

Given a string, sort it in decreasing order based on the frequency of characters. Example 1: Input: "tree" Output: "eert" Explanation: 'e' appears twice while 'r' and 't' both appear once. So 'e' must appear before both 'r' and 't'. Therefore "eetr" is also a valid answer. Example 2: Input: "cccaaa" Output: "cccaaa" Explanation: Both 'c' and 'a' appear three times, so "aaaccc" is also a valid answer. Note that "cacaca" is incorrect, as the same characters must be together.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 1-min read

Given a singly linked list, group all odd nodes together followed by the even nodes. Please note here we are talking about the node number and not the value in the nodes. You should try to do it in place. The program should run in O(1) space complexity and O(nodes) time complexity. Example 1: Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL Output: 1->3->5->2->4->NULL Example 2: Input: 2->1->3->5->6->4->7->NULL Output: 2->3->6->7->1->5->4->NULL Note: The relative order inside both the even and odd groups should remain as it was in the input.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read

## Remove K Digits

Given a non-negative integer num represented as a string, remove k digits from the number so that the new number is the smallest possible. Note: The length of num is less than 10002 and will be ≥ k. The given num does not contain any leading zero. Example 1: Input: num = "1432219", k = 3 Output: "1219" Explanation: Remove the three digits 4, 3, and 2 to form the new number 1219 which is the smallest.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read

## Single Element in a Sorted Array

You are given a sorted array consisting of only integers where every element appears exactly twice, except for one element which appears exactly once. Find this single element that appears only once. Example 1: Input: [1,1,2,3,3,4,4,8,8] Output: 2 Example 2: Input: [3,3,7,7,10,11,11] Output: 10 Note: Your solution should run in O(log n) time and O(1) space. Solution Java class Solution { public int singleNonDuplicate(int[] nums) { int left = 0, right = nums.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 1-min read

## Flood Fill

An image is represented by a 2-D array of integers, each integer representing the pixel value of the image (from 0 to 65535). Given a coordinate (sr, sc) representing the starting pixel (row and column) of the flood fill, and a pixel value newColor, “flood fill” the image. To perform a “flood fill”, consider the starting pixel, plus any pixels connected 4-directionally to the starting pixel of the same color as the starting pixel, plus any pixels connected 4-directionally to those pixels (also with the same color as the starting pixel), and so on.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 3-min read

## Find the Town Judge

In a town, there are N people labelled from 1 to N. There is a rumor that one of these people is secretly the town judge. If the town judge exists, then: The town judge trusts nobody. Everybody (except for the town judge) trusts the town judge. There is exactly one person that satisfies properties 1 and 2. You are given trust, an array of pairs trust[i] = [a, b] representing that the person labelled a trusts the person labelled b.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read

## Check if It Is a Straight Line

You are given an array coordinates, coordinates[i] = [x, y], where [x, y] represents the coordinate of a point. Check if these points make a straight line in the XY plane. Example 1: Input: coordinates = [[1,2],[2,3],[3,4],[4,5],[5,6],[6,7]] Output: true Example 2: Input: coordinates = [[1,1],[2,2],[3,4],[4,5],[5,6],[7,7]] Output: false Constraints: 2 <= coordinates.length <= 1000 coordinates[i].length == 2 -10^4 <= coordinates[i], coordinates[i] <= 10^4 coordinates contains no duplicate point. Solution Java

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read

## Cousins in Binary Tree

In a binary tree, the root node is at depth 0, and children of each depth k node are at depth k+1. Two nodes of a binary tree are cousins if they have the same depth, but have different parents. We are given the root of a binary tree with unique values, and the values x and y of two different nodes in the tree. Return true if and only if the nodes corresponding to the values x and y are cousins.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read

## Number Complement

Given a positive integer, output its complement number. The complement strategy is to flip the bits of its binary representation. Example 1: Input: 5 Output: 2 Explanation: The binary representation of 5 is 101 (no leading zero bits), and its complement is 010. So you need to output 2. Example 2: Input: 1 Output: 0 Explanation: The binary representation of 1 is 1 (no leading zero bits), and its complement is 0.

by lek tin in "algorithm" access_time 2-min read